Sukhothai Kingdom & Wat Si Chum Sukhothai


     The Sukhothai kingdom (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรสุโขทัย (Pronunciation)) was an early kingdom in the area around the city Sukhothai, in north central Thailand. The Kingdom existed from 1238 till 1438. The old capital, now 12 km outside of New Sukhothai in Tambon Mueang Kao, is in ruins and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage historical park.

   The Sukhothai Historical Park (Thai: อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์สุโขทัย (Pronunciation)) covers the ruins of Sukhothai, capital of the Sukhothai kingdom in the 13th and 14th centuries, in what is now the north of Thailand. It is located near the modern city of Sukhothai, capital of the province with the same name.
The city walls form a rectangle about 2 km east-west by 1.6 km north-south. There are 193 ruins on 70 square kilometers of land. There is a gate in the centre of each wall. Inside are the remains of the royal palace and twenty-six temples, the largest being Wat Mahathat. The park is maintained by the Fine Arts Department of Thailand with help from UNESCO, which has declared it a World Heritage Site. The park sees thousands of visitors each year, who marvel at the ancient Buddha figures, palace buildings and ruined temples. The park is easily toured by bicycle or even on foot.
The protection of the area was first announced in the Royal Gazette on June 6, 1962. In 1976 the restoration project was approved, and in July 1988 the park was officially opened. On December 12, 1991, it was declared a World Heritage Site as part of the Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns together with the associated historic parks in Kamphaeng Phet and Si Satchanalai.


   
Tourist Attractions:  Inside the City Walls - Outside the City Walls

   Wat Si Chum Sukhothai

    Wat Si Chum is unique amongSukhothai temples. Inside, lining theceiling of a dark and narrow staircaseleading to the open roof, are 86 in-scribed stone reliefs depicting jatakas,the former lives of Gotama Buddha.Their unique character and arrange-ment have puzzled generations ofscholars. In this original volume, a teamof experts presents the latest evidenceand new solutions. The book offers thefirst-ever English translation of the in-scriptions, photographs of the reliefssupplemented by 19th century jatakapaintings from Wat Khrua Wan,Bangkok, essays on all aspects of thetemple, as well as a discussion of thesignificance of jatakas in internationalBuddhist literature, art and ideology


    The Royal Palace and Wat Mahathat The royal palace lies in the centre of the town. This area is surrounded by a moat and contains two main compounds; the royal building and the sanctuary in the palace. In the royal compound exists the ruins of the royal building called Noen Phrasat 
      Here, the famous stone inscription of King Ramkhamhaeng was found by King Mongkut (Rama IV) in the 19th century together with a piece of the stone throne called "Manangkhasila Asana" King Ramhamhaeng set up the throne in the midst of a sugarpalm grove where , at his request, a monk preached on Buddhist Sabbath days and the King conducted the affairs of state on other days This throne was later installed in Bangkok is temple of the Emerald Buddha.

Wat Traphang-Ngoen Situated to the west of Wat Mahathat is Wat Traphang-Ngoen with its square pedestal, main sanctuary, and stucco standing Buddha image in four inches. There is a viharn in front, and in the east of the pond, there is an island with an ubosot. This edifice has already crumbled and only its pedestal and laterite columns still remain. Many monuments and magnificent scenery are visible from this location. 

 Wat Chana-Songkhram Situated to the north of Wat Mahathat is Wat Chana-Songkhram. It main sanctuary is around Singhalese-style chedi. In front of the chedi exists the best of a viharn and behind the farmer stands an ubosot. Bases of twelve small chedis are also visible. Near Charot Withi Thong Road is a strange chedi having three bases, one on top of the other. 

      Wat Sa-Si Situated near Wat Chanasongkhram is Wat Sa-Si. Around a Singgalese-style chedi is the main sanctuary on and island in the middle of Traphang Trakuan Pond. A large viharn contains a stucco Buddha image. To the south stands nine chedis of differente sizes. 

       San-Ta-Pha-Saeng OR Deity Shrine Situated to the north of Wat Mahathat is San-Ta-Pha-Dang. This monument consists of only one laterite prang with a staircase in the front. Sandstone Hindu divine object ( Lop Buri-style ) were discovered here. 
       King Ramkhamhaeng Monument Situated to the north of Wat Mahathat is the King Ramkhamhaeng Monument. The bronze statue of King Ramkhamhaeng sits on a throne named Phra-Thaen-Manangkhasila-Asana with a base relief recording his life.

       Wat Mai Situated to the north of Wat Mahathat is Wat Mai. Wat Mai, having a brick viharn as the main sanctuary, is in Ayutthaya style. The columns of the viharn are made of laterite. A bronze image of the Buddha under a naga, ( Lop Buri-style ) was found here and is now preserved in the Ramkhamhaeng National Museum.

      The Ramkhamhaeng National Museum The Ramkhamhaeng National Museum was built in 1960 and opened on 25 January, 1964. The museum collection includes gifts from the ex-abbot of Wat Ratchathani and art objects unearthed in Sukhothai and near by provinces. It is open daily from 09.00-16.00 hrs. Admission fee 30 baht. Tel. (005) 612167

       Wat Traphang-Tong Situated to the east of Wat Mahathat is Wat Traphang-Tong. The monastery is located on an island in the middle of a large pond. A ruined laterite Singhalese-style chedi is on the island. In front of it, a new mondop contains the Lord Buddha's Footprint slab that was created by King Lithai in 1390 on Samanakut or Phra Bat Yai Hill. This footprint was remove to the new mondop some year ago. An annual fair to worship this sacred Lord Buddha's Footprint takes place at the same time as the Loi Krathong Festival.


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65 comments:

That Which Haunts said...

That ivory temple is gorgeous, so pleasing to the eye. The top picture shows a stunning landscape and architecture. Thailand is gorgeous. Will you or have you mentioned Mauy Thai?

Naj said...

the intricate design on the roof of that white temple looks awesome!

The Blind Prophet said...

I also like the white temple. :D Very pretty!

Derk said...

I'll have to visit Wat Si Chum next time I go to Thailand. Looks beautiful!

izmeer said...

Looks really beautiful

Randy Weezner said...

looks like a total hive.

snoobyy said...

looks great.

thecatzpajamas said...

why cant america look like this

Hotsaucer said...

Looks amazing. I've always wanted to travel to Thailand.

cupcakelady said...

Wow what amazing pictures! And such an interesting read!

BLUERAD said...

Nice pictures, another great post =)

@Randy

How is it like a hive?

Swift Love said...

hey, this is one of my more favorite posts from you :)

Live Life Easy said...

That place looks awesome!
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Red Baron said...

simply beautiful

Abigale Consulting said...

I would really like to go here

`†he Պen†al Պasochis† said...

i'm going to end up living here one day

Alex DeLarge said...

would love to visit there and so cheap too

Telia Tuli said...

Thailand women are srsly hot as hell.

anon1337 said...

beautiful

Michele said...

Cool pic:P

AnnoNeuvo said...

Is there anything more beautiful than Thailand? <3

Mayhem said...

Looks lovely.

Mr. Smith said...

Laos is pretty too I hear.

The photographer said...

So beautiful...

Also I suppose it's cheap to go there...

Sebastian said...

It's so beautiful at night.

Maxxy said...

still mind blowing... and it was really nice reading how you comment on these locations, thank you kind sir

Korom said...

love thai food. cool learning about where it comes from =]

bruno said...

great pictures, about the blur video u asked
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXRVX1AKAew&ob=av2e

Lemmiwinks said...

Great post!

looking forward to reading the next one

njohnfixes said...

Absolutely beautiful. It's one of the places on my bucket list to visit.

SC2 Strats said...

Wow, this is amazing.

The Square Circle said...

i'll visit these places someday.

AimlessTendencies said...

The only good thing about Thailand are the woman and the food amiright? lol

Fuuuuuuuu said...

very interesting!

Trades For Veterans said...

Wow, thats some hardcore craftsmanship!

LD said...

it looks so nice but it`s sooo far away from here :)

Lewis Candler said...

great pictures

Dungeoneer said...

Wow, BEAUTIFUL blog, I LOVE reading about old cultures!

Nailgun said...

wow, cool pictures. Those are some crazyass temples

Slumph said...

as always, beautiful.

Student said...

Very beautiful. A friend has a friend there.. Maybe some day :) You are bringing me closer to it, I must admit.

amidoinitrite? said...

I'm looking forward to your next post!

WooshBaby said...

A lot of my friends that travel said that Thailand was a beautiful country. Your pictures and descriptions back that up! Hopefully I will be able to go there someday.

Rnlxndr said...

wow. awesome. one day i will visit.

Shadow said...

I'd love to visit Thailand one day

Wootbirds said...

Wow this place is beautiful; I really need to go there on holiday!

VeNom_ said...

Great blog, looks amazing

grizz said...

i never saw thailand with this kind of view. thanks

ZombieHunter187 said...

where are all the girls in thailand?

Firstlove666 said...

These pictures are beautiful I would love to visit there one day

Habadasher99 said...

Pretty pictures.

ego_rko said...

just wow!

Bismuth Castle said...

What beautiful pictures.

Skutt Panda PO said...

What beautiful pictures.

Skutt Panda PO said...

Pretty pictures.

Skutt Panda PO said...

I'm looking forward to your next post!

Skutt Panda PO said...

Wow, BEAUTIFUL blog, I LOVE reading about old cultures!

Skutt Panda PO said...

The only good thing about Thailand are the woman and the food amiright? lol

Skutt Panda PO said...

still mind blowing... and it was really nice reading how you comment on these locations, thank you kind sir

Skutt Panda PO said...

So beautiful...

Also I suppose it's cheap to go there...

Skutt Panda PO said...

Looks lovely.

Skutt Panda PO said...

beautiful

Skutt Panda PO said...

That place looks awesome!
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Skutt Panda PO said...

Looks amazing. I've always wanted to travel to Thailand.

Skutt Panda PO said...

I'll have to visit Wat Si Chum next time I go to Thailand. Looks beautiful!



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